Attracting Butterflies to your Garden

It is especially important to have flowers in mid to late summer when most butterflies are active.

January 15, 2015 | | The Flower Farm

Butterflies are some of the most beautiful and interesting creatures on earth and can be easily attracted to your garden. Like any living creature, they have certain habitat and food preferences. Below are some tips to get you started planning your butterfly habitat:

Habitat: Sun and shelter are important. Butterflies cannot fly in wind or rain and prefer sunny and calm or gently breezy weather. A wood or brush pile will give them a place to rest and hide.

Plants: There are two groups of plants that will help attract butterflies. Plants that provide nectar as a food source and host plants that butterflies can lay eggs on. By planting a variety of these plants you can help attract and keep butterflies in your garden.

Nectar plants: Select a variety of nectar producing plants which will provide flowers in bloom throughout the season. It is especially important to have flowers in mid to late summer when most butterflies are active. Flowers with multiple florets that produce abundant nectar are ideal. Below is a list of nectar plants that can easily be grown in our area:

Perennials for Butterflies
Annuals for Butterflies
Echinacea (Purple Coneflower) Marigold
Leucanthemum (Shasta Daisy) Aster
Rudbeckia (Black Eyed Susan) Cosmos
Liatris Zinnia
Aster Dianthus
Asclepias (Butterfly Weed) Lantana
Buddleia (Butterfly Bush) Verbena – trailing
Echinops (Globe Thistle) Verbena bonariensis
Coreopsis (Tickseed)
Sedum
Lavender
Nepeta (Catmint)
Gaillardia
Achillea (Yarrow)
Chives

Butterfly Host Plants

Below is a list of host plants that butterflies like to lay their eggs on and that caterpillars can feed on. Note that many of them are considered ‘weeds’, so it would be a good idea to keep a wild area where these plants can thrive.

Queen Anne’s Lace – Black Swallowtail
Nettle – Tortoiseshells and Red Admiral
Vetch – Silvery Blue
Milkweed – Monarch
Thistle – Painted Lady
Hollyhocks – Painted Lady and Checkered Skippers
Aster – Pearl Crescent
Grasses – many including Northern Pearly Eye, Long Dash and Tawny edged Skipper
Dogwood – Spring Azure

Enjoy your butterflies!

About the Author More by Katie Dawson

Katie Dawson and husband Chris Martin own the Cut and Dried Flower Farm, a family owned greenhouse business located close to Glencairn, Ontario.

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